IFRAME support required.
In order to discuss Behavior Intervention Plans (BIP), we must first discuss the steps that lead up to a BIP. Functional Behavior Analysis (FBA) is the first step in moving towards implementing a behavior intervention plan. Through functional assessement, the team can determine what the behavior is, what is causing it, and much more.
What is a Functional Behavior Assessment?
What is a measurable behavior?
What are Antecedents?
What are Consequences?
Once a problem has been identified, the assessment portion of the FBA begins. During this phase teacher interviews, student interviews, direct observation, and other procedures are completed to more firmly establish the cause of the problem and determine how best to solve it. Observational assessment collects data to show how often a behavior is occuring and when. This can be done through interval-based recording, frequency or scatter charts, or other methods that track behavior. This process is called collecting the baseline data for an intervention plan. Baseline data is essential so that teachers can see if the behavior is changing once the intervention is implemented.
What is a BIP? A behavior intervention plan is a written list of strategies and supports for an individual which encourages appropriate behaviors and discourages inappropriate behaviors. A BIP is created after a FBA is conducted to identify the function of the behavior. A BIP should be written for each behavior. This is because each behavior may serve a different function or motivation for the student, therefore, your response should vary based on the function of the behavior. The BIP should include the child's name, the specific target behavior, the predicted function (based on data collection from your FBA), strategies to increase appropriate behaviors, strategies to decrease inappropriate behaviors, materials and supports needed to implement the BIP, and skills to be taught to the student, in order for him or her to demonstrate appropriate behaviors.
Helpful Links for Teachers:
*For WCSD Behavior Intervention documents please see the teacher resources section of the Special Services site*