Welcome to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

A look back...


The U.S. Congress enacted the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (Public Law 94-142), in 1975 to support states and localities in protecting the rights of, meeting the individual needs of, and improving the results for infants, toddlers, and youth with disabilities and their families. The four purposes of PL 94-142 were:

  • "to assure that all children with disabilities have available to them...a free appropriate public education which emphasizes special education and related services designed to meet their unique needs"
  • "to assure that the rights of children with disabiliteis and their parents...are protected"
  • "to assist States and localities to provide for the education of all children with disabilities"
  • "to assess and assure the effectiveness of efforts to educate all children with disabilities"

This landmark law is currently enacted as the Indivduals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), as amended in 1997 and in 2004.

Improving educational results for children with disabilities requires a continued focus on the full implementation of IDEA to ensure that each student's educational placement and services are determined on an individual basis, according to the uniques needs of each child, and are provided in the least restrictive environment. The focus must be on teaching and learning that use individual approaches to accessing the general education curriculum and that support learning and high achievement for all. (Excerpt from


Williamsburg County School District uses IDEA funds to support children with disabilities in the following ways:

  • Contract services for physical and occupational therapy
  • Personnel to support classrooms
  • Resource materials and training for teachers, parents, and paraprofessionals working with students with disabilities.

IDEA Grant

The IDEA grant is written and submitted each June for the beginning of each school year. The grant varies as to reflect the federal mandates, the state mandates, and the district initiatives. Each year brings new challenges as to how best provide services for all of our students with disabilities.